Online Chinese dictionaries

For everyone who feels there just aren’t enough digital Chinese dictionaries in their life:, used as a reference in the last entry, is the best dictionary for foreigners learning written Chinese that… Continue reading

Does anyone know the Nostratic for “to ripen” or “to cook”?

In the last post I briefly mentioned the Persian verb “to cook”, and how it deserved a full entry. The word’s use in Persian is not so interesting as its etymological roots and… Continue reading

Pure Ottoman

One often encounters cases where one Turkic variety is less reliant on Persian or Arabic in one area than another is, but never have I been so surprised as in this case: “Аспаз”… Continue reading


In English, the official names of the following countries end with the Persian suffix “-stan”, the equivelant of our own “-land”: Kazakhstan (Қазақстан/Qazaqstan) Kyrgyzstan (Кыргызстан/Kırgızstan) Uzbekistan (Oʻzbekiston) Tajikistan (Тоҷикистон/تاجیکستان/Tâjikestân) Afghanistan (افغانستان/Afqânestân) Turkmenistan (Türkmenistan)… Continue reading